Banner of Understanding Linux: Distributions, DEs, FMs, and Package Managers Demystified

A Guide to the Linux Operating System


Category: Linux

Date: February 2023
Views: 5.51K


Linux is a free, open-source operating system that has become increasingly popular in recent years, both for personal and professional use. It is known for its stability, security, and versatility, and is used by millions of people around the world. This article will provide an overview of the Linux operating system, including the different distributions, desktop environments, package managers, and file managers that are available.

Distributions

One of the most notable features of Linux is the availability of different distributions, or "distros". These are essentially different versions of the operating system that are tailored to meet the specific needs and preferences of users. There are two main types of distros: Debian-based and Arch-based. Debian-based distros, such as Ubuntu, are known for their user-friendly interface and ease of use, making them a popular choice for beginners. Arch-based distros, such as Arch Linux, are more focused on customization and advanced users. They offer a rolling release model and a more hands-on approach to configuration, making them ideal for those who want to get the most out of their operating system.

Desktop Environments

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Cinnamon Desktop Environment (Linux Mint)




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KDE Desktop Environment




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Unity Desktop Environment (Ubuntu)




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Gnome Desktop Environment




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xfce Desktop Environment, the most lightweight DE




In addition to the different distros, Linux also offers a variety of desktop environments, which are essentially the graphical user interface (GUI) that the user interacts with. Some of the most popular desktop environments include Gnome, KDE, Xfce, and LXDE. Each of these desktop environments provides a different look and feel, and offers different features and customization options. For example, Gnome is known for its sleek and modern interface, while KDE is known for its customization options and extensive features.

Package Managers

Another key aspect of the Linux operating system is the package manager. A package manager is essentially a tool that helps users install, update, and manage software packages on their system. Linux has several popular package managers, including APT (Debian-based), Pacman (Arch-based), and YUM (Red Hat-based). These package managers make it easy to find, install, and manage software packages, ensuring that users always have the latest version of the software they need.

File Managers

Finally, Linux also offers a variety of file managers, which are essentially tools that help users manage and organize their files and directories. Some of the most popular file managers for Linux include Nautilus (Gnome-based), Dolphin (KDE-based), and Thunar (Xfce-based). These file managers provide a user-friendly interface for managing files and directories, making it easy to find, move, and organize files as needed.

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Dolphin File Manager




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Nautilus File Manager (Ubuntu)




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Nemo File Manager (Linux Mint)




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Pantheon File Manager (Elementary OS)




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Ranger File Manager, A console FM, Highly customizable.




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vifm File Manager another console FM




In conclusion, Linux is a versatile and powerful operating system that is suitable for a wide range of users, from beginners to advanced users. Whether you are looking for an easy-to-use operating system, or you want to take full control of your system, Linux has something to offer. With its variety of distributions, desktop environments, package managers, and file managers, Linux is a flexible and customizable operating system that can be tailored to meet your specific needs and preferences



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4 Comments, latest

  • Chamseddine
    February 2023

    the debian !!!! i dont find it up there

  • mosaid Admin Reply
    February 2023

    Chamseddine:
    the debian !!!! i dont find it up there

    Yes I Actually forgot about debian, but it is mentioned as the parent of debian based distros, and a keen observer could see that xfce desktop image is from a debian system. Have a good day

  • Chiranjibi Neupane
    February 2023

    Where's arch?

  • mosaid Admin Reply
    February 2023

    Chiranjibi Neupane:
    Where's arch?

    well the last two screenshots are from my laptop, I use Arch linux with i3 Window Manager